Titanium Grades



Titanium grades are alloyed with different additional elements, granting it the better properties that are required firsthand in various industries.

Most of the titanium grades are being added with various elements (including vanadium, aluminum, molybdenum, nickel, chromium, and zirconium) to improve its combined mechanical properties like conductivity, heat resistance, creep, microstructure, corrosion resistance, and ductility. This process of fusing other elements to titanium is a significant part of the improvement of its resistance to slightly reducing and corrosive environments.

Commercial pure titanium grades vary to their qualities, enabling them to be used vastly in different fitted applications. Some titanium grades possess great formability, which best explains why some titanium are mostly available in plates and tubing. Below are some of the vast applications of titanium grades:

  • Chlorate manufacturing
  • Desalination
  • Dimensional stable anodes
  • Chemical processing
  • Automotive parts
  • Airframe structure
  • Marine industry
  • Mechanical industry
  • Architecture

Other titanium grades also posses great ductility and formability as well as weldability which makes them suitable for heavy-duty applications like hydrocarbon manufacturing, power generation, exhaust pipe shrouds, CPI equipment, cryogenic vessels, airframe components, surgical hardware, heat exchangers, pickling baskets, and heat exchangers.

Titanium Alloy Round Bar Stock Sizes

Titanium CP4 – Grade 1Softest titanium; has the highest ductility and good cold forming characteristicsAutomotive desalination, medical, architecture, dimensional stable anodes, processing & chlorate manufacturing, marine
Titanium CP3 – Grade 2has moderate strength and good cold forming characteristics; also has good welding properties and corrosion and oxidation corrosionChemical processing, automotive, aerospace, desalination, marine, architecture, power generation, marine
Titanium CP2 – Grade 3stronger and less formable; has excellent corrosion resistanceUsed in industrial and aerospace applications
Titanium CP1 – Grade 4commercially pure titanium; has lower ductility; can be cold formed; corrosion resistantChemical process, medical, aerospace, marine, and industrial
Titanium Grade 7has mechanical and physical properties similar to CP3; has excellent fabrication and welding propertiesPower generation, desalination, chemical processing
Titanium Grade 11 – CP ti-0.15 PdHighly resistant corrosion; has the same mechanical and physical properties to titanium grade 2Industrial, desalination, chemical processing, and power generation
Titanium Grade 5 – Titanium 6Al-4VMost commercially available alloy; has combined toughness and high strength; has good fabrication and welding propertiesMarine, chemical processing, aerospace, medica
Titanium Grade 6 – Titanium 5Al – 2.5SnHas good strength, weldability, and stability at elevated temperaturesAerospace
Titanium Grade 9 – Titanium 3Al – 2.5VHas medium strength and excellent corrosion resistance; also has great cold rolling propertiesChemical processing, marine, consumer applications, automotive, aerospace, transportation, and medical
Titanium Grade 12 – Ti-0.3-M.o-0.8NiHas enhanced corrosion resistancePower generation, industrial, desalination, chemical processing
Titanium Grade 19 – Titanium Beta CHas high strength; offers good stress and corrosion resistance; can be heat treatedMarine, chemical processing, aerospace, medical
Titanium Grade 23 – Titanium 6Al-4V ELIHas lower oxygen, iron, and nitrogen; has better fracture toughness and ductilityMarine, chemical processing, aerospace, medical
Titanium 6Al-6V-2Sn – Titanium 6-6-2Has excellent creep resistance, stability, and strengthTurbine compressor, gas, aerospace, engine afterburner
Titanium 6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo – Titanium 6-2-4-2An Alpha Beta Alloy; heat treatable;Jet engine parts, rocket engine cases, airframe components, ordinance components
Titanium 6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo – Titanium 6-2-4-6Workhorse alloy; fully heat treatable; has combined strength and good corrosion resistanceAirframe components, power generation applications, aerospace engines, marine applications
Titanium 8Al-1Mo-1V – Titanium 8-1-1Has the lowest density and the lowest modules; has good creep resistance and ratio stiffnessJet engine parts and airframe parts
Titanium 10V-2Fe-3AlHeat treatable alloy; easily formed and weldableCompressor blades, wheels and spacers, airframe components, disks
Titanium 15V-3Cr-3Sb-3AlMetastable-beta alloy; age-hardenable and cold-formable; an excellent alloy for castingAirframe applications, high strength hydraulic tubing, fasteners, aerospace tank applications