Titanium grades are alloyed with different additional elements, granting it the better properties that are required firsthand in various industries.
Most of the titanium grades are being added with various elements (including vanadium, aluminum, molybdenum, nickel, chromium, and zirconium) to improve its combined mechanical properties like conductivity, heat resistance, creep, microstructure, corrosion resistance, and ductility.
This process of fusing other elements to titanium is a significant part for the improvement of its resistance to slightly reducing and corrosive environments.
Commercial pure titanium grades vary to their qualities, enabling them to be used vastly in different fitted applications. Some titanium grades possess great formability, best explains why some titanium are mostly available in plates and tubing.
Below are some of the vast applications of titanium grades:
- Chlorate manufacturing
- Dimensional stable anodes
- Chemical processing
- Automotive parts
- Airframe structure
- Marine industry
- Mechanical industry
Other titanium grades also posses great ductility and formability as well as weldability which make them suitable for heavy duty applications like hydrocarbon manufacturing, power generation, exhaust pipe shrouds, CPI equipment, cryogenic vessels, airframe components, surgical hardware, heat exchangers, pickling baskets, and heat exchangers.
|TITANIUM ALLOY GRADE||DESCRIPTION||APPLICATION|
|Titanium CP4 – Grade 1||Softest titanium; has the highest ductility and good cold forming characteristics||Automotive desalination, medical, architecture, dimensional stable anodes, processing & chlorate manufacturing, marine|
|Titanium CP3 – Grade 2||has moderate strength and good cold forming characteristics; also has good welding properties and corrosion and oxidation corrosion||Chemical processing, automotive, aerospace, desalination, marine, architecture, power generation, marine|
|Titanium CP2 – Grade 3||stronger and less formable; has excellent corrosion resistance||Used in industrial and aerospace applications|
|Titanium CP1 – Grade 4||commercially pure titanium; has lower ductility; can be cold formed; corrosion resistant||Chemical process, medical, aerospace, marine, and industrial|
|Titanium Grade 7||has mechanical and physical properties similar to CP3; has excellent fabrication and welding properties||Power generation, desalination, chemical processing|
|Titanium Grade 11 – CP ti-0.15 Pd||Highly resistant corrosion; has the same mechanical and physical properties to titanium grade 2||Industrial, desalination, chemical processing, and power generation|
|Titanium Grade 5 – Titanium 6Al-4V||Most commercially available alloy; has combined toughness and high strength; has good fabrication and welding properties||Marine, chemical processing, aerospace, medica|
|Titanium Grade 6 – Titanium 5Al – 2.5Sn||Has good strength, weldability, and stability at elevated temperatures||Aerospace|
|Titanium Grade 9 – Titanium 3Al – 2.5V||Has medium strength and excellent corrosion resistance; also has great cold rolling properties||Chemical processing, marine, consumer applications, automotive, aerospace, transportation, and medical|
|Titanium Grade 12 – Ti-0.3-M.o-0.8Ni||Has enhanced corrosion resistance||Power generation, industrial, desalination, chemical processing|
|Titanium Grade 19 – Titanium Beta C||Has high strength; offers good stress and corrosion resistance; can be heat treated||Marine, chemical processing, aerospace, medical|
|Titanium Grade 23 – Titanium 6Al-4V ELI||Has lower oxygen, iron, and nitrogen; has better fracture toughness and ductility||Marine, chemical processing, aerospace, medical|
|Titanium 6Al-6V-2Sn – Titanium 6-6-2||Has excellent creep resistance, stability, and strength||Turbine compressor, gas, aerospace, engine afterburner|
|Titanium 6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo – Titanium 6-2-4-2||An Alpha Beta Alloy; heat treatable;||Jet engine parts, rocket engine cases, airframe components, ordinance components|
|Titanium 6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo – Titanium 6-2-4-6||Workhorse alloy; fully heat treatable; has combined strength and good corrosion resistance||Airframe components, power generation applications, aerospace engines, marine applications|
|Titanium 8Al-1Mo-1V – Titanium 8-1-1||Has the lowest density and the lowest modules; has good creep resistance and ratio stiffness||Jet engine parts and airframe parts|
|Titanium 10V-2Fe-3Al||Heat treatable alloy; easily formed and weldable||Compressor blades, wheels and spacers, airframe components, disks|
|Titanium 15V-3Cr-3Sb-3Al||Metastable-beta alloy; age-hardenable and cold-formable; an excellent alloy for casting||Airframe applications, high strength hydraulic tubing, fasteners, aerospace tank applications|